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Understanding mechanical ventilation

With a ventilation system, you benefit continuously from clean air without literally tossing energy out the window. Here we explain the other advantages, describe the various types available and share information about ventilation systems in new or existing buildings.

Ventilate your home intelligently

A poor indoor atmosphere – with too much CO2 and possibly even fine dust, pollen or mould spores – can negatively impact your health. Regular ventilation is therefore essential. The classic method of window ventilation has a number of disadvantages, however. A smart alternative can be found in modern home technology.

Controlled mechanical ventilation automatically ensures fresh, filtered air around the clock and also saves on heating costs. It is now a standard measure, especially in new buildings. But practical retrofit options are also available. Plus, the state offers subsidies for the installation of an energy-saving ventilation system.

01. Benefits at a glance

Controlled mechanical ventilation systems, such as the CWL-2 from WOLF, offer a number advantages over classic window ventilation: 

Cross-section indoor climate

A healthy atmosphere at all times

Automatic ventilation

An automatic ventilation system brings fresh air into the house, even while you are sleeping or away from home. The air extraction automatically removes carbon dioxide and odours. Read more

Efficient temperature control

The ventilation regulates the temperature of the rooms. In the summer, it keeps heat outside longer. In the winter, the air in the home stays warm longer. This way, the system ensures a pleasant indoor atmosphere as well as high efficiency. Read more

Happy family on the couch

Protect your health and home

Protection against pollutants

A filter reliably eliminates fine dust and pollen from the supply air, which is a great boon for allergy sufferers. Viruses, chemicals released by furniture, etc. are reliably removed from the home.

Prevent mould

Thanks to the continuous air exchange, mould doesn’t stand a chance. This protects your health as well as the building fabric of your home.

Save costs

Saving costs

Heat recovery

A high-quality, modern ventilation system features heat recovery, meaning that a heat exchanger withdraws heat from the extract air and uses it to warm the cold supply air.

This keeps the heating energy in the house rather than blowing it outside. Units with heat recovery save roughly 20% on energy costs compared with simple ventilation systems that lack this feature. Read more

Attractive subsidies

Thanks to their high efficiency, ventilation systems are also subsidised by the state in the form of generous payments or loans.

02. Ventilation systems from WOLF

WOLF Living space ventilation CWL-2

CWL-2 mechanical ventilation unit

The CWL-2 is the most efficient and quietest of the central WOLF residential ventilation systems, as well as the most compact of its kind on the market.

Living space ventilation CWL-T-Excellent

CWL-T Excellent mechanical ventilation unit

The CWL-T-300 Excellent central ventilation system from WOLF is particularly slim. It can either be used on its own - or harmonises perfectly with your heating system in the central building services unit.

WOLF decentralised living space ventilation CWL-D-70

CWL-D-70 mechanical ventilation unit

As a decentralised living space ventilation system, the CWL-D-70 is particularly easy to install - the WOLF model is therefore perfect for retrofitting and modernisation.

WOLF Living space ventilation CWL-F-Excellent

CWL-F Excellent mechanical ventilation unit

With its flat design, the CWL-F Excellent living space ventilation system from WOLF is ideal for demanding installation situations with difficult space conditions.

03. Types of mechanical ventilation systems

Various types of ventilation systems are available:
  • Central ventilation systems

    Central ventilation systems ventilate the entire home with a single appliance. Modern controlled mechanical ventilation systems with extract and supply air are the optimal choice. The e-book provided above will tell you all about the various types (supply and extract air, supply air only, extract air only) as well as their pros and cons. 

    The fans of a central ventilation system are integrated into supply and extract fittings, which are located in various rooms. Air ducts in the walls, ceilings and floors distribute the fresh and filtered outdoor air throughout the whole house.

    The air is transported to the supply rooms – such as the living room and bedrooms. The fan of the extract fitting draws the used air out of extract rooms like the kitchen and bathroom, creating a slight negative pressure. As a result, the air flows from the supply rooms into the extract rooms and is distributed evenly throughout the home in this way. However, you won’t notice any annoying drafts from these air flows.

    Modern fans are very low-energy and quiet. Sensors detect when the room air quality is poor and how much ventilation is required. In addition to automatic control, the mechanical ventilation can also be manually adjusted to your needs.

    Comparison domestic ventilation
  • Decentralised ventilation systems

    Decentralised ventilation systems, such as the WOLF CWL-D-70, only supply fresh air to individual rooms. They are therefore used specifically in rooms that require especially good air exchange. Some modern decentralised appliances also feature heat recovery.

     

    Decentralised ventilation systems are particularly simple to install. This makes them well-suited for renovations. They are also commonly used in multi-family dwellings and individual apartments. 

04. Which types off ventilation systems are suited to new and old buildings?

It is important to plan the ventilation system carefully from the start – only then will it function smoothly when installed. Take special care to ensure that the system is a good fit for your building.
  • Ventilation systems in new buildings

    If you are planning a new build, you should definitely consider a controlled mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery. Modern new buildings are air-tight to keep in as much energy as possible. 

     

    As a result, they require plenty of ventilation, which is best provided by a central ventilation system with extract and supply air. This is the current state of the art. The heat recovery also ensures low heating requirements, which translates into lower heating costs. 

  • Ventilation systems in existing buildings

    In an existing building, the planning and installation of an air distribution system is more involved than for a new build. This is why decentralised ventilation systems are a good choice here. They allow you to specifically ventilate the rooms with particularly high moisture loads – such as the kitchen or bathroom – without major alterations or expense. 

    The situation is different if you are planning major renovations anyway. In that case, it can certainly be worthwhile to install a central ventilation system.

05. Mechanical ventilation with heat recovery is a good investment

A ventilation system with heat recovery is the current state of the art in new builds and provides high energy efficiency. It will pay for itself very quickly thanks to the savings on heating costs and the attractive subsidies available. But even in existing buildings, a ventilation system is worthwhile. It improves the indoor atmosphere, protects the building fabric and lowers your heating costs.

Frequently asked questions about ventilation systems

  • Should I still practice regular window ventilation even if I have a ventilation system?

    If you have installed a controlled mechanical ventilation system, then window ventilation is no longer necessary. The ventilation system will handle this much more efficiently and effectively. The system will continuously bring fresh air into the house and remove moisture as well as pollutants. Naturally, you can still open the windows if you like.

  • Will mechanical ventilation kick up dust?

    No, it will stir up even less dust than classic window ventilation. The ventilation system ensures a slow air exchange without drafts. Plus, the filter protects against dust and dirt from outside.

  • How often should the ventilation system be serviced?

    It is advisable to have the ventilation system serviced about every two years. The condition of the filters should be checked regularly (about every three months), and they should be changed when necessary.

  • How long does a ventilation system last?

    There is no single answer to this question. You can expect the system to last about 20 to 25 years. WOLF provides a 5-year guarantee on the appliance, material and labour for all its products.

Our recommendation: The mechanical ventilation CWL-2

50 years of experience have gone into the development and design of our top seller in the residential ventilation sector.

Get to know CWL-2